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Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2016 Sep;170(1-4):187-90. doi: 10.1093/rpd/ncv454. Epub 2015 Nov 3.

PLASTIC SCINTILLATOR FOR RADIATION DOSIMETRY.

Author information

1
Department of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering, KAIST, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.
2
Korea Atomic Research Institute, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering, KAIST, Daejeon, Republic of Korea gscho1@kaist.ac.kr.

Abstract

Inorganic scintillators, composed of high-atomic-number materials such as the CsI(Tl) scintillator, are commonly used in commercially available a silicon diode and a scintillator embedded indirect-type electronic personal dosimeters because the light yield of the inorganic scintillator is higher than that of an organic scintillator. However, when it comes to tissue-equivalent dose measurements, a plastic scintillator such as polyvinyl toluene (PVT) is a more appropriate material than an inorganic scintillator because of the mass energy absorption coefficient. To verify the difference in the absorbed doses for each scintillator, absorbed doses from the energy spectrum and the calculated absorbed dose were compared. From the results, the absorbed dose of the plastic scintillator was almost the same as that of the tissue for the overall photon energy. However, in the case of CsI, it was similar to that of the tissue only for a photon energy from 500 to 4000 keV. Thus, the values and tendency of the mass energy absorption coefficient of the PVT are much more similar to those of human tissue than those of the CsI.

PMID:
26538616
DOI:
10.1093/rpd/ncv454
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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