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Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2016 Oct;55(12):1093-9. doi: 10.1177/0009922815614351. Epub 2015 Nov 4.

Missed Opportunities for Transcranial Doppler Screening Among Children With Sickle Cell Disease.

Author information

1
University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA University of Michigan, Department of Pediatrics, Ann Arbor, MI, USA sleasure@umich.edu.
2
University of California-San Francisco, Department of Neurology, CA, USA.
3
University of Michigan, Department of Pediatrics, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
4
University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
5
University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA University of Michigan, Department of Neurology, Ann arbor, MI, USA.

Abstract

Transcranial Doppler (TCD) screening rates remain low among children with sickle cell disease (SCD). We assessed TCD screening rates and missed opportunities for TCD screening. Children 2 to 16 years old with SCD enrolled in Michigan Medicaid for ≥1 year (2007-2011) were identified through newborn screening. Receipt of TCD screening and presence of a missed opportunity (≥1 SCD-related outpatient visit, no TCD screening) were identified through administrative claims. Potential correlates of missed opportunities included SCD-related health services, comorbidities, and demographics. Logistic regression with generalized estimating equations modeled associations between a missed opportunity and correlates. Overall, 353 children contributed 1066 person-years. TCD screening was low yearly (10%-32%); missed opportunities occurred in 73% of the person-years. Increasing age (odds ratio [OR] = 1.11; confidence interval CI = 1.07, 1.15), previous TCD screening (OR = 0.26; CI = 0.16, 0.41), and 4 to 5 (OR = 0.48; CI = 0.26, 0.87) or ≥6 outpatient visits (OR = 0.26; CI = 0.14, 0.49) were associated with a missed opportunity. Reduction of missed opportunities is a potential strategy to increase TCD screening rates.

KEYWORDS:

Medicaid; children; health services research; newborn screening; pediatric stroke; sickle cell disease; stroke prevention; transcranial Doppler screening

PMID:
26538586
DOI:
10.1177/0009922815614351
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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