Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Equity Health. 2015 Nov 4;14:121. doi: 10.1186/s12939-015-0258-8.

Unemployment and health selection in diverging economic conditions: Compositional changes? Evidence from 28 European countries.

Author information

1
Oslo and Akershus University College, Faculty of Social Sciences, PB 4 St. Olavs Plass, N-0130, Oslo, Norway. kristian.heggebo@hioa.no.
2
Oslo and Akershus University College, Faculty of Social Sciences, PB 4 St. Olavs Plass, N-0130, Oslo, Norway. espen.dahl@hioa.no.

Abstract

Unemployment and health selection in diverging economic conditions: Compositional changes? Evidence from 28 european countries.

INTRODUCTION:

People with ill health tend to be overrepresented among the unemployment population. The relationship between health and unemployment might, however, be sensitive to the overall economic condition. Specifically, the health composition of the unemployment population could change dramatically when the economy takes a turn for the worse.

METHODS:

Using EU-SILC cross sectional data from 2007 (pre-crisis) and 2011 (during crisis) and linear regression models, this paper investigates the relationship between health and unemployment probabilities under differing economic conditions in 28 European countries. The countries are classified according to (i) the level of and (ii) increase in unemployment rate (i.e. >10 percent and doubling of unemployment rate = crisis country).

RESULTS:

Firstly, the unemployment likelihood for people with ill health is remarkably stable over time in Europe: the coefficients are very similar in pre-crisis and crisis years. Secondly, people with ill health have experienced unemployment to a lesser extent than those with good health status in the crisis year (when we pool the data and compare 2007 and 2011), but only in the countries with a high and rising unemployment rate.

CONCLUSION:

The health composition of the unemployment population changes significantly for the better, but only in those European countries that have been severely hit by the current economic crisis.

PMID:
26537899
PMCID:
PMC4632460
DOI:
10.1186/s12939-015-0258-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center