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Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2016 Jun;293(6):1197-211. doi: 10.1007/s00404-015-3944-2. Epub 2015 Nov 3.

Association between maternal, fetal and paternal MTHFR gene C677T and A1298C polymorphisms and risk of recurrent pregnancy loss: a comprehensive evaluation.

Author information

1
West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No.37, GuoXueXiang, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China.
2
West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.
3
Jiangxi Medical School, Nanchang University, Nanchang, China.
4
West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No.37, GuoXueXiang, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China. liuhao6304@hotmail.com.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Numerous studies have investigated the associations between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene C677T and A1298C polymorphisms and risk of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL); however, the results remain controversial. The aim of this study is to drive a more precise estimation of association between MTHFR gene polymorphisms and risk of RPL.

METHODS:

We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, Web of Science and China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database for papers on MTHFR gene C677T and A1298C polymorphisms and RPL risk. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the strength of association in the homozygous model, heterozygous model, dominant model, recessive model and an additive model. The software STATA (Version 13.0) was used for statistical analysis.

RESULTS:

Overall, 57 articles were included in the final meta-analysis. In maternal group the MTHFR C677T polymorphism showed pooled odds ratios for the homozygous comparison [OR = 2.285, 95 % CI (1.702, 3.067)] and the MTHFR A1298C polymorphism showed pooled odds ratios for recessive model [OR = 1.594, 95 % CI (1.136, 2.238)]. In fetal group the MTHFR C677T polymorphism showed pooled odds ratios for dominant model [OR = 1.037, 95 % CI (0.567, 1.894)] and the MTHFR A1298C polymorphism showed pooled odds ratios for dominant model [OR = 1.495, 95 % CI (1.102, 2.026)].

CONCLUSIONS:

In summary, the results of our meta-analysis indicate that maternal and paternal MTHFR gene C677T and A1298C polymorphisms are associated with RPL. We also observed a significant association between fetal MTHFR A1298C polymorphism and RPL but not C677T.

KEYWORDS:

A1298C; C677T; MTHFR; Meta-analysis; Polymorphisms; Recurrent pregnancy loss

PMID:
26530235
DOI:
10.1007/s00404-015-3944-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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