Format

Send to

Choose Destination
BMC Cancer. 2015 Nov 3;15:839. doi: 10.1186/s12885-015-1848-y.

Analysis of the expression of Kv10.1 potassium channel in patients with brain metastases and glioblastoma multiforme: impact on survival.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Goettingen, Robert-Koch-Str. 40, Goettingen, 37075, Germany. ramon.martinez@gmx.net.
2
Department of Molecular Biology of Neuronal Signals, Max-Planck Institute for Experimental Medicine, Hermann-Rein-Str. 3, Goettingen, 37075, Germany. ws@em.mpg.de.
3
Department of Molecular Biology of Neuronal Signals, Max-Planck Institute for Experimental Medicine, Hermann-Rein-Str. 3, Goettingen, 37075, Germany. martin@em.mpg.de.
4
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Goettingen, Robert-Koch-Str. 40, Goettingen, 37075, Germany. julian.schell@stud.uni-goettingen.de.
5
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Goettingen, Robert-Koch-Str. 40, Goettingen, 37075, Germany. andrea.reichmann@gmx.net.
6
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Goettingen, Robert-Koch-Str. 40, Goettingen, 37075, Germany. veit.rohde@med.uni-goettingen.de.
7
Department of Molecular Biology of Neuronal Signals, Max-Planck Institute for Experimental Medicine, Hermann-Rein-Str. 3, Goettingen, 37075, Germany. pardo@em.mpg.de.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Kv10.1, a voltage-gated potassium channel only detected in the healthy brain, was found to be aberrantly expressed in extracerebral cancers. Investigations of Kv10.1 in brain metastasis and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are lacking.

METHODS:

We analyzed the expression of Kv10.1 by immunohistochemistry in these brain tumors (75 metastasis from different primary tumors, 71 GBM patients) and the influence of a therapy with tricyclic antidepressants (which are Kv10.1 blockers) on survival. We also investigated Kv10.1 expression in the corresponding primary carcinomas of metastases patients.

RESULTS:

We observed positive Kv10.1 expression in 85.3 % of the brain metastases and in 77.5 % of GBMs. Patients with brain metastases, showing low Kv10.1 expression, had a significantly longer overall survival compared to those patients with high Kv10.1 expression. Metastases patients displaying low Kv10.1 expression and also receiving tricyclic antidepressants showed a significantly longer median overall survival as compared to untreated patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data show that Kv10.1 is not only highly expressed in malignant tumors outside CNS, but also in the most frequent cerebral cancer entities, metastasis and GBM, which remain incurable in spite of aggressive multimodal therapies. Our results extend the correlation between dismal prognosis and Kv10.1 expression to patients with brain metastases or GBMs and, moreover, they strongly suggest a role of tricyclic antidepressants for personalized therapy of brain malignancies.

PMID:
26530050
PMCID:
PMC4632660
DOI:
10.1186/s12885-015-1848-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center