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Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2016 Mar;22(3):694-701. doi: 10.1097/MIB.0000000000000629.

A Controlled Study of a Group Mindfulness Intervention for Individuals Living With Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

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1
*Department of Psychiatry, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia; Departments of †Psychiatry, and ‡Gastroenterology, St. Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; and §Department of Psychology, Faculty Health, Arts, and Design, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of a mindfulness-based intervention for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (MI-IBD).

DESIGN:

Treatment-as-usual control versus mindfulness-based stress reduction intervention.

METHODS:

Sixty patients participated in either the MI-IBD (n = 33) or treatment-as-usual group (n = 27) conditions. The MI-IBD consisted of an 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction training group. Outcome measures were administered at baseline (before intervention), immediately after intervention, and 6 months after intervention. Primary outcomes included measures of quality of life, psychological distress (depression and anxiety), and mindfulness. Data for MI-IBD group participants also included weekly attendance, daily minutes meditated, and satisfaction with the program.

RESULTS:

There were no baseline differences between intervention and control groups on demographic variables or inflammatory bowel disease severity. Compared with the control group, the MI-IBD group reported significantly greater improvements in anxiety, quality of life, and mindfulness at after intervention, with reduction in depression and improvements in quality of life and mindfulness maintained at 6 months after intervention.

CONCLUSIONS:

Results demonstrate the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of a mindfulness intervention for patients with inflammatory bowel disease, with medium-to-large effects on psychological distress, quality of life, and mindfulness.

PMID:
26529560
DOI:
10.1097/MIB.0000000000000629
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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