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Neurochem Int. 2016 May;95:63-74. doi: 10.1016/j.neuint.2015.10.011. Epub 2015 Oct 31.

Novel promising therapeutics against chronic neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease.

Author information

1
Dept of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia.
2
Dept of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia; Molecular Medicine Research Group, Western Sydney University, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia.
3
School of Health Sciences, University of Tasmania, Australia.
4
Dept of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia; National Institute of Complementary Medicine, Western Sydney University, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia; Molecular Medicine Research Group, Western Sydney University, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia. Electronic address: g.muench@uws.edu.au.

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by deposition of amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, as well as microglial and astroglial activation, and, finally, leading to neuronal dysfunction and death. Current treatments for AD primarily focus on enhancement of cholinergic transmission. However, these treatments are only symptomatic, and no disease-modifying drug is available for the treatment of AD patients. This review will provide an overview of the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-amyloidogenic, neuroprotective, and cognition-enhancing effects of a variety of nutraceuticals including curcumin, apigenin, docosahexaenoic acid, epigallocatechin gallate, α-lipoic acid and resveratrol and their potential for AD prevention and treatment. We suggest that therapeutic use of these compounds might lead to a safe strategy to delay the onset of AD or slow down its progression. The continuing investigation of the potential of these substances is necessary as they are promising compounds to yield a possible remedy for this pervasive disease.

KEYWORDS:

Alzheimer's disease; Apigenin; Curcumin; Fish oil; Green tea; Lipoic acid; Neuroinflammation

PMID:
26529297
DOI:
10.1016/j.neuint.2015.10.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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