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Biotech Histochem. 2016;91(2):86-95. doi: 10.3109/10520295.2015.1076578. Epub 2015 Nov 3.

Ginger and alpha lipoic acid ameliorate age-related ultrastructural changes in rat liver.

Author information

1
a Zoology Department, Faculty of Science , Ain Shams University , Cairo , Egypt.

Abstract

Because of the important role that oxidative stress is thought to play in the aging process, antioxidants could be candidates for preventing its related pathologies. We investigated the ameliorative effects of two antioxidant supplements, ginger and alpha lipoic acid (ALA), on hepatic ultrastructural alterations in old rats. Livers of young (4 months) and old (24 months) Wistar rats were studied using transmission electron microscopy. Livers of old rats showed sinusoidal collapse and congestion, endothelial thickening and defenestration, and inconsistent perisinusoidal extracellular matrix deposition. Aged hepatocytes were characterized by hypertrophy, cytoplasmic vacuolization and a significant increase in the volume densities of the nuclei, mitochondria and dense bodies. Lipofuscin accumulation and decreased microvilli in bile canaliculi and space of Disse also were observed. The adverse alterations were ameliorated significantly by both ginger and ALA supplementation; ALA was more effective than ginger. Ginger and ALA appear to be promising anti-aging agents based on their amelioration of ultrastructural alterations in livers of old rats.

KEYWORDS:

aging; alpha lipoic acid; ginger; liver; rat; ultrastructure

PMID:
26528730
DOI:
10.3109/10520295.2015.1076578
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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