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J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2016 Mar;43(2-3):371-87. doi: 10.1007/s10295-015-1704-8. Epub 2015 Nov 2.

Harnessing natural product assembly lines: structure, promiscuity, and engineering.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, NC State University, Raleigh, NC, 27695-8204, USA.
2
Department of Chemistry, NC State University, Raleigh, NC, 27695-8204, USA. gjwillia@ncsu.edu.

Abstract

Many therapeutically relevant natural products are biosynthesized by the action of giant mega-enzyme assembly lines. By leveraging the specificity, promiscuity, and modularity of assembly lines, a variety of strategies has been developed that enables the biosynthesis of modified natural products. This review briefly summarizes recent structural advances related to natural product assembly lines, discusses chemical approaches to probing assembly line structures in the absence of traditional biophysical data, and surveys efforts that harness the inherent or engineered promiscuity of assembly lines for the synthesis of non-natural polyketides and non-ribosomal peptide analogues.

KEYWORDS:

Combinatorial biosynthesis; Enzyme engineering; Non-ribosomal peptide synthases; Polyketide synthases; Synthetic biology

PMID:
26527577
PMCID:
PMC4753117
[Available on 2017-03-01]
DOI:
10.1007/s10295-015-1704-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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