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Virol J. 2015 Nov 2;12:181. doi: 10.1186/s12985-015-0412-3.

Combination effects of ribavirin and interferons on severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus infection.

Author information

  • 1Department of Virology I, Chief, Special Pathogens Laboratory, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 4-7-1 Gakuen, Musashimurayama, Tokyo, 208-0011, Japan. shimoji-@nih.go.jp.
  • 2Department of Virology I, Chief, Special Pathogens Laboratory, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 4-7-1 Gakuen, Musashimurayama, Tokyo, 208-0011, Japan. fukushi@nih.go.jp.
  • 3Department of Virology I, Chief, Special Pathogens Laboratory, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 4-7-1 Gakuen, Musashimurayama, Tokyo, 208-0011, Japan. htani@nih.go.jp.
  • 4Department of Virology I, Chief, Special Pathogens Laboratory, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 4-7-1 Gakuen, Musashimurayama, Tokyo, 208-0011, Japan. re-tani@nih.go.jp.
  • 5Department of Virology I, Chief, Special Pathogens Laboratory, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 4-7-1 Gakuen, Musashimurayama, Tokyo, 208-0011, Japan. Fukuma@nih.go.jp.
  • 6Department of Virology I, Chief, Special Pathogens Laboratory, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 4-7-1 Gakuen, Musashimurayama, Tokyo, 208-0011, Japan. msaijo@nih.go.jp.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an acute infectious disease caused by SFTS virus and characterized by a high case fatality rate. Currently, there is no effective therapy for the disease. While the administration of ribavirin does not improve the case fatality rate or viral load in patient blood, it can inhibit viral infection in vitro.

METHODS:

Vero cells were pre-treated with interferons (IFNs) α, β, and γ alone and in combination with ribavirin drugs and inoculated with SFTS virus. Three days later, supernatants were harvested and subjected to virus titration. An unpaired t-test was used for statistical analysis of the drugs' effects.

RESULTS:

While the effects of IFNγ at high concentrations were slightly weaker than those of the other IFNs, all IFNs showed dose-dependent inhibitory effects. The combined usage of IFNs with ribavirin at 90 % effective concentrations showed large inhibitory effects, with over a 3 log10 reduction in viral titers.

CONCLUSIONS:

The combined usage of one of type-I/II IFNs with ribavirin drastically reduced SFTS virus infection and therefore may be useful in the treatment of SFTS.

PMID:
26527529
PMCID:
PMC4630909
DOI:
10.1186/s12985-015-0412-3
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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