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Ann Neurosci. 2015 Oct;22(4):239-43. doi: 10.5214/ans.0972.7531.220410.

Milk metabolites and neurodegeneration: Is there crosstalk?

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Neuroscience Research Lab, Department of Neurology, PGIMER, Chandigarh, INDIA.


Milk has been considered as a natural source of nutrition for decades. Milk is known to be nutrient-rich which aids the growth and development of the human body. Milk contains both macro- and micronutrients. Breast milk is widely regarded as the optimal source of neonatal nutrition due to its composition of carbohydrates, proteins, minerals and antibodies. However, despite the wide use of milk products, investigations into the role of milk in degenerative diseases have been limited. This review will examine the relationship between the β-casein gene found in bovine milk and disease states by using age-related macular degeneration as an example.


BCM-7; Milk metabolism, A1/A2 alleles; Opioid receptors; b-casein

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