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Oral Health Prev Dent. 2016;14(2):157-64. doi: 10.3290/j.ohpd.a35002.

Association Between Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Periodontitis Among Male Adults Attending a Primary Healthcare Facility in Jordan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the association between periodontitis and a high risk for obstructive sleep apnea (HR-OSA).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A sample of 296 males with a mean (±SD) age 40 (8.5) years was selected. Subjects who scored positive in two or more categories of the Berlin questionnaire were considered as having HR-OSA.

RESULTS:

Based on the self-reported symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea, 15% of patients were considered as HROSA. Patients with HR-OSA showed higher probing pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) compared with those with low risk for obstructive sleep apnea (LR-OSA)-2.35±0.69 vs 1.97±0.34 (p=0.000) and 2.95±0.82 vs 2.12±0.55 (p=0.000), respectively. Patients with HR-OSA were more likely to have periodontitis (OR=2.3; 95% CI: 1.03/5.10) compared to patients with LR-OSA. The prevalence of periodontitis varied significantly only among patients according to their response to category 1 (37% responded positively and 20% responded negatively, p=0.003). When the OSA variable was replaced by the individual categories (1, 2 and 3), patients with a positive category 1 (OR=2.27; 95% CI: 11.14/4.45) were more likely to have periodontitis than were patients with a negative response.

CONCLUSION:

The risk of finding periodontitis in HR-OSA patients was approximately double that of LR-OSA patients. Habitual snoring was also associated with increased risk for periodontitis.

PMID:
26525127
DOI:
10.3290/j.ohpd.a35002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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