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J Autism Dev Disord. 2016 Mar;46(3):998-1012. doi: 10.1007/s10803-015-2645-9.

Altered Gesture and Speech Production in ASD Detract from In-Person Communicative Quality.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, S906 Scaife Hall, 3550 Terrace St., Pittsburgh, PA, 15261, USA. morett@pitt.edu.
2
Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. morett@pitt.edu.
3
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, S906 Scaife Hall, 3550 Terrace St., Pittsburgh, PA, 15261, USA.
4
Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
5
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Abstract

This study disentangled the influences of language and social processing on communication in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by examining whether gesture and speech production differs as a function of social context. The results indicate that, unlike other adolescents, adolescents with ASD did not increase their coherency and engagement in the presence of a visible listener, and that greater coherency and engagement were related to lesser social and communicative impairments. Additionally, the results indicated that adolescents with ASD produced sparser speech and fewer gestures conveying supplementary information, and that both of these effects increased in the presence of a visible listener. Together, these findings suggest that interpersonal communication deficits in ASD are driven more strongly by social processing than language processing.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescence; Dialogue; Gesture; Language; Social communication

PMID:
26520147
PMCID:
PMC5111859
DOI:
10.1007/s10803-015-2645-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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