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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2016 Feb;71(2):344-7. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkv356. Epub 2015 Oct 30.

Lateral dissemination and inter-patient transmission of blaKPC-3: role of a conjugative plasmid in spreading carbapenem resistance.

Author information

1
Public Health Ontario Laboratories, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
2
Infection Prevention and Control, St Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
3
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Division of Microbiology, St Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
4
Infection Prevention and Control, St Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
5
Public Health Ontario Laboratories, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
6
Public Health Ontario Laboratories, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Department of Microbiology, Mt Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada roberto.melano@oahpp.ca.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The objective of this study was to describe the nosocomial spread of carbapenemase-producing enterobacteria and characterize a plasmid involved in KPC dissemination.

METHODS:

Two Klebsiella pneumoniae, one Escherichia coli and one Citrobacter freundii isolated from two patients were studied. Susceptibility profiles were obtained using Etest. Carbapenemase activity was detected using the Carba NP test. β-Lactamase gene content was screened by PCR and sequencing. K. pneumoniae isolates were genotyped by MLST and PFGE. KPC plasmid sizes were estimated by S1-DNA digestion and PFGE-Southern blot. Plasmids were sequenced using Illumina's technology and Sanger sequencing.

RESULTS:

Two patients sharing a room on a surgical unit were positive for carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae. One patient was also colonized with carbapenemase-producing C. freundii and E. coli. Neither patient had known risk factors for carbapenemase acquisition, although one patient had recent surgery at another Toronto hospital; the other patient's husband had surgery in New York City 3 years prior to her presentation. An extensive investigation was conducted at both hospitals, but no additional cases were identified. blaKPC-3 was detected in all clinical isolates. Variable carbapenem resistance levels were observed. Both K. pneumoniae belonged to the same clone by PFGE and MLST (ST277). pKPC-SMH (∼ 53 kb) was identified in all the clinical isolates, showing identity only with structurally similar IncN plasmids.

CONCLUSIONS:

We describe intra- and inter-patient dissemination of blaKPC. The involvement of a clone related to the successful K. pneumoniae ST258 and the blaKPC-3 gene detected in an active Tn4401 transposon carried on a conjugative broad-host-range plasmid increased the potential for this horizontal transmission.

PMID:
26518052
DOI:
10.1093/jac/dkv356
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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