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J Biomed Mater Res A. 2016 Mar;104(3):669-677. doi: 10.1002/jbm.a.35606. Epub 2015 Nov 14.

Modifying alginate with early embryonic extracellular matrix, laminin, and hyaluronic acid for adipose tissue engineering.

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Institute of Biomedical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 10051, Taiwan.
Department of Plastic Surgery, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei City, 22060, Taiwan.
Department of Plastic Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, 10051, Taiwan.


Extracellular matrix provides both mechanistic and chemical cues that can influence cellular behaviors such as adhesion, migration, proliferation, and differentiation. In this study, a new material, HA-L-Alg, was synthesized by linking developmentally essential ECM constituents hyaluronic acid (HA) and laminin(L) to alginate (Alg). The fabrication of HA-L-Alg was confirmed by FTIR spectroscopy, and it was used to form 3D cell-carrying beads. HA-L-Alg beads had a steady rate of degradation and retained 63.25% of mass after 9 weeks. HA-L-Alg beads showed biocompatibility comparable to beads formed by Alg-only with no obvious cytotoxic effect on the embedded 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. HA-L-Alg encapsulated 3T3-L1 cells were found to have a higher proliferation rate over those in Alg-only beads. These cells also showed better differentiation capacity after 2 weeks of adipogenic induction within HA-L-Alg beads. These results support that HA-L-Alg facilitated cell survival and proliferation, as well as stimulated and maintained cell differentiation. Our results suggest that HA-L-Alg has a great clinical potential to be used as stem cell carrier for adipose tissue engineering.


HA-L-Alg beads; adipose tissue engineering; embryonic; extracellular matrix

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