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Parasite. 2015;22:30. doi: 10.1051/parasite/2015030. Epub 2015 Oct 29.

Fatal Toxoplasma gondii infection in the giant panda.

Author information

1
College of Life Science, Jilin Agricultural University, 2888 Xincheng Street, Changchun 130118, Jilin Province, China - Key Laboratory of Jilin Province for Zoonosis Prevention and Control, Military Veterinary Institute, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Changchun, China.
2
Key Laboratory of Jilin Province for Zoonosis Prevention and Control, Military Veterinary Institute, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Changchun, China.
3
China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda, Ya'an, China.
4
College of Life Science, Jilin Agricultural University, 2888 Xincheng Street, Changchun 130118, Jilin Province, China.

Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii can infect nearly all warm-blooded animals. We report an acute fatal T. gondii infection in the endangered giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) in a zoo in China, characterized by acute gastroenteritis and respiratory symptoms. T. gondii infection was confirmed by immunological and molecular methods. Multilocus nested PCR-RFLP revealed clonal type I at the SAG1 and c29-2 loci, clonal type II at the SAG2, BTUB, GRA6, c22-8, and L358 loci, and clonal type III at the alternative SAG2 and SAG3 loci, thus, a potential new genotype of T. gondii in the giant panda. Other possible pathogens were not detected. To our knowledge, this is the first report of clinical toxoplasmosis in a giant panda.

PMID:
26514595
PMCID:
PMC4626621
DOI:
10.1051/parasite/2015030
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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