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Rev Esp Med Nucl Imagen Mol. 2016 May-Jun;35(3):159-64. doi: 10.1016/j.remn.2015.08.004. Epub 2015 Oct 26.

Ratio between maximum standardized uptake value of N1 lymph nodes and tumor predicts N2 disease in patients with non-small cell lung cancer in 18F-FDG PET-CT scan.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

  • 1Thoracic Surgery Department, University General Hospital of Albacete, Spain. Electronic address: tonyhonguero@yahoo.es.
  • 2Thoracic Surgery Department, University General Hospital of Albacete, Spain.
  • 3Nuclear Medicine Department, University General Hospital of Ciudad Real, Spain.
  • 4Zone IV Health Center, Albacete, Spain.
  • 5Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose integrated PET-CT scan is commonly used in the work-up of lung cancer to improve preoperative disease stage. The aim of the study was to analyze the ratio between SUVmax of N1 lymph nodes and primary lung cancer to establish prediction of mediastinal disease (N2) in patients operated on non-small cell lung cancer.

MATERIAL AND METHOD:

This is a retrospective study of a prospective database. Patients operated on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with N1 disease by PET-CT scan were included. None of them had previous induction treatment, but they underwent standard surgical resection plus systematic lymphadenectomy.

RESULTS:

There were 51 patients with FDG-PET-CT scan N1 disease. 44 (86.3%) patients were male with a mean age of 64.1±10.8 years. Type of resection: pneumonectomy=4 (7.9%), lobectomy/bilobectomy=44 (86.2%), segmentectomy=3 (5.9%).

HISTOLOGY:

adenocarcinoma=26 (51.0%), squamous=23 (45.1%), adenosquamous=2 (3.9%). Lymph nodes after surgical resection: N0=21 (41.2%), N1=12 (23.5%), N2=18 (35.3%). Mean ratio of the SUVmax of N1 lymph node to the SUVmax of the primary lung tumor (SUVmax N1/T ratio) was 0.60 (range 0.08-2.80). ROC curve analysis to obtain the optimal cut-off value of SUVmax N1/T ratio to predict N2 disease was performed. At multivariate analysis, we found that a ratio of 0.46 or greater was an independent predictor factor of N2 mediastinal lymph node metastases with a sensitivity and specificity of 77.8% and 69.7%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

SUVmax N1/T ratio in NSCLC patients correlates with mediastinal lymph node metastasis (N2 disease) after surgical resection. When SUVmax N1/T ratio on integrated PET-CT scan is equal or superior to 0.46, special attention should be paid on higher probability of N2 disease.

KEYWORDS:

Cirugía; Cáncer de pulmón no célula pequeña; Enfermedad N1; N1 disease; Non-small cell lung cancer; PET-CT scan; PET-TC; SUVmax; Surgery

PMID:
26514322
DOI:
10.1016/j.remn.2015.08.004
[PubMed - in process]
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