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Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2015;36(5):554-9.

Modified radical vaginal hysterectomy for cervical cancer treatment.



The aim of this study was to modify vaginal radical hysterectomy (VRH), design a series of surgical instruments specialised for this procedure, and to study the feasibility, morbidity, and outcome of cervical cancer patients treated with modified laparoscopic-assisted radical vaginal hysterectomy (LARVH).


A total of 86 patients with early-stage cervical cancer (IB 1-IAl) underwent modified VRH and laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy and para-aortic lymphadenectomy. Special instruments and modified procedures were used in VRH. Data were collected on operating time, blood loss, ureter separation time, nodal count, hospital stay, and complication recurrence and survival rates.


All patients successfully completed LARVH. Median operating time was 238 minutes, mean blood loss was 283 ml, median time for ureter separation was 18.5 minutes, median time to post-operative exhaustion was 23 hours, urine recovery was 10.3 days, and median hospital stay was 9.2 days. On average, 23.2 lymph nodes were harvested. Except for one case of left internal iliac vein with intraoperative and postoperative complications, no other major complications occurred, particularly no bladder and ureter injury. Surgical margins were negative in all cases. After median follow-up of 46 months, recurrence rate and overall survival for 84 patients were 3.57% and 97.62%, respectively.


Modified VRH with laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy is an oncologically valid alternative for early stage cervical cancer treatment with minimal intraoperative and postoperative complications. The modification of this procedure and special instruments can enhance the feasibility and the safety of treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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