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Coron Artery Dis. 2016 May;27(3):169-75. doi: 10.1097/MCA.0000000000000317.

Impact of thrombus burden on procedural and mid-term outcomes after primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

Author information

1
Interventional Cardiology Unit, Department of Cardiology, Ramón y Cajal Hospital, University of Alcalá, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Angiographic thrombus burden (TB) can be assessed early and enable a decision on intervention. The aim of this study was to analyze its effect on the incidence of cardiac events after a primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

We carried out a prospective study of 480 consecutive ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients treated by systematic primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Large TB was defined as thrombus length at least 2 vessel diameters or as solid thrombus obtained through catheter aspiration. The primary outcome measure was a composite of death, reinfarction, or target vessel revascularization.

RESULTS:

A total of 205 (47%) patients fulfilled the criteria for large TB. These patients were more frequently treated with abciximab (62.0 vs. 35.8%, P<0.001), showed more angiographic complications (26.6 vs. 13.7%, P=0.001), and had larger infarcts (peak troponin I, 74 vs. 50 ng/ml, P=0.015). During a follow-up of 19 ± 5 months, the rates of primary outcome were similar between groups of small and large TB (16.2 vs. 12.8%, hazard ratio: 0.88, 95% confidence interval: 0.46-1.67, P=0.691). There were no differences in the rates of definite stent thrombosis (0.5 vs. 2.2%, P=0.190).

CONCLUSION:

Large TB is associated with larger infarct size, but not with worse mid-term outcomes. Selective use of adjuvant therapies according to TB may be an effective approach to reduce thrombotic complications.

PMID:
26513293
DOI:
10.1097/MCA.0000000000000317
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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