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Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2015 Nov;40(11):1116-22. doi: 10.1139/apnm-2015-0243. Epub 2015 Jul 20.

Effects of acute postexercise chocolate milk consumption during intensive judo training on the recovery of salivary hormones, salivary SIgA, mood state, muscle soreness, and judo-related performance.

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a School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
b National Sports Medicine Programme-Excellence in Football Project, Sports Medicine and Orthopaedic Hospital, Aspetar, Doha, Qatar.


This study examined the effects of postexercise chocolate milk (CM) or water (W) consumption during 5 days of intensive judo training with concomitant weight loss on salivary cortisol and testosterone, salivary secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA), delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS), and judo-related performance. Twelve trained male judo athletes engaged in 5 days of intensive judo training followed by a simulated judo competition, on 2 separate training weeks 14 days apart. The athletes consumed 1000 mL of W (week 1) or CM (week 2) immediately post-training. During both weeks, athletes were instructed to "make weight" for the upcoming competition. Performance in timed push-ups and the Special Judo Fitness Test improved by 14.6% and 6.8%, respectively, at the end of the training week with CM consumption (both p < 0.001). Decreased salivary cortisol (p < 0.01) and a trend for an increased salivary testosterone/cortisol ratio (p = 0.07) were also observed midweek in the CM condition. Saliva flow rate was higher during the week with CM intake compared with W intake (p < 0.001). DOMS (p < 0.001) and mood disturbance (p < 0.0001) increased after the first day of training in the W condition but not in the CM condition. Salivary testosterone and SIgA responses were similar between treatments (p > 0.05). Body mass decreased by 1.9% in the W condition and by 1.1% in the CM condition, with no significant difference between treatments. This study indicates that postexercise CM consumption during short-term intensive judo training enhances aspects of recovery without affecting intentional weight loss.


Special Judo Fitness Test; atteinte de la masse corporelle cible; boisson de sucre-protéine; carbohydrate–protein beverage; cortisol salivaire; immunité muqueuse; making weight; mucosal immunity; salivary cortisol; salivary testosterone; test de condition physique pour le judo; testostérone salivaire

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