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Cephalalgia. 2016 Aug;36(9):849-61. doi: 10.1177/0333102415613766. Epub 2015 Oct 28.

The modulatory effect of anandamide on nitroglycerin-induced sensitization in the trigeminal system of the rat.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Albert Szent-Györgyi Clinical Center, University of Szeged, Hungary.
2
Department of Neurology, University of Ulm, Germany.
3
MTA-SZTE Neuroscience Research Group, University of Szeged, Hungary.
4
Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Albert Szent-Györgyi Clinical Center, University of Szeged, Hungary MTA-SZTE Neuroscience Research Group, University of Szeged, Hungary vecsei.laszlo@med.u-szeged.hu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

One of the human and animal models of migraine is the systemic administration of the nitric oxide donor (NO) nitroglycerin (NTG). NO can provoke migraine-like attacks in migraineurs and initiates a self-amplifying process in the trigeminal system, probably leading to central sensitization. Recent studies suggest that the endocannabinoid system is involved in nociceptive signal processing and cannabinoid receptor (CB) agonists are able to attenuate nociception in animal models of pain.

AIM:

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the modulatory effects of a CB agonist anandamide (AEA) on the NTG-induced expression of transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and kynurenine aminotransferase-II (KAT-II) in the upper cervical spinal cord (C1-C2) of the rat, where most of the trigeminal nociceptive afferents convey.

METHODS:

A half hour before and one hour after NTG (10 mg/kg) or placebo injection, adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 44) were treated with AEA (2 × 5 mg/kg). Four hours after placebo/NTG injection, the animals were perfused and the cervical spinal cords were removed for immunohistochemistry and Western blotting.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:

Our results show that NTG is able to increase TRPV1, nNOS, NF-κB and COX-2 and decrease KAT-II expression in the C1-C2 segments. On the other hand, we have found that AEA modulates the NTG-induced changes, thus it influences the activation and central sensitization process in the trigeminal system, probably via CBs.

KEYWORDS:

COX-2; KAT-II; Migraine; NF-κB; TRPV1; anandamide; nNOS; nitroglycerin; trigeminal system

PMID:
26512068
DOI:
10.1177/0333102415613766
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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