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Dev Biol. 1989 May;133(1):24-36.

Spindle-pole organization during early mouse development.

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Department of Genetics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106.


Spindle-pole organization during early mouse development was examined using a variety of immunological reagents that recognize centrosomal components. Spindle poles of unfertilized eggs and blastocysts were found to react positively with two antisera (centrin and NRS-01), whereas poles of activated eggs and early cleavage-stage embryos were negative when treated with the same sera. In contrast, a third antiserum (5051) showed positive spindle-pole staining throughout the preimplantation stages of development. Two monoclonal antibodies (MPM-1 and MPM-2) that are known to react with mitotic phosphoproteins were also used in this study. Both antibodies stained the cytoplasm of mitotic cells with extremely high intensity. In addition, MPM-2 was found to stain spindle poles. These results suggest that organizational changes in the spindle pole are occurring during early mouse development. Embryos homozygous for a recessive lethal mutation known as oligosyndactyly (Os) were also treated with the reagents described above. This mutation results in a metaphase arrest at the blastocyst stage with intact spindles being present. Spindle poles were observed in Os homozygous mutants stained with centrin, NRS-01, and 5051. However, when Os mutants were stained with the MPM monoclonal antibodies, about half of the mitotic cells completely lacked the dramatic cytoplasmic staining. This observation is in contrast to that observed for wild-type embryos, where greater than 95% of mitotic cells showed positive cytoplasmic staining.

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