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Biol Reprod. 2015 Dec;93(6):134. doi: 10.1095/biolreprod.115.135665. Epub 2015 Oct 28.

Pregnancy Increases Relaxation in Human Omental Arteries to the CGRP Family of Peptides.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine/Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine/Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas cyallamp@bcm.edu.

Abstract

Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CALCB) and its family members adrenomedullin (ADM) and intermedin (ADM2) play important roles in maintaining vascular adaptations during pregnancy in animal models. The present study was designed to evaluate the responses of omental arteries to CALCB, ADM, and ADM2 in pregnant and nonpregnant women, and to determine the mechanisms involved. By using resistance omental arteries collected from nonpregnant women (n = 15) during laparotomy and from term pregnant women (n = 15) at cesarean delivery, this study shows that the receptor components--calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CALCRL) and receptor activity-modifying proteins (RAMPs) 1, 2 and 3--are localized to endothelial and smooth muscle cells in omental arteries, with increased expressions of both mRNA and protein in pregnant compared with nonpregnant women. The myography study demonstrated that CALCB, ADM, and ADM2 (0.1-100 nM) dose dependently relax U46619 (1 muM) precontracted omental artery segments, and the maximum possible effects to CALCB and ADM2, but not to ADM, are significantly enhanced in pregnant compared with nonpregnant women. Further, the vasodilatory responses to CALCB, ADM, and ADM2 are reduced by inhibitors of nitric oxide (NO) synthase (L-NAME), adenylyl cyclase (SQ22536), voltage-activated potassium channels (4-aminopyrodin and tetrabutylammonium), Ca(2+)-activated potassium channel (charybdotoxin), and cyclooxygenase (indomethacin). In conclusion, the CALCB family of peptides, CALCB and ADM2, increase human omental artery relaxation during pregnancy through diverse mechanisms, including NO, endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors (EDHFs) and prostaglandins, and thus could contribute to the vascular adaptations during pregnancy in the human.

KEYWORDS:

CALCB family peptides; human omental artery; pregnancy

PMID:
26510864
PMCID:
PMC4712693
DOI:
10.1095/biolreprod.115.135665
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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