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Microsurgery. 2015 Nov;35(8):645-52. doi: 10.1002/micr.22522. Epub 2015 Oct 29.

Improved skin flap survival in venous ischemia-reperfusion injury with the use of adipose-derived stem cells.

Author information

1
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, 137-701, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Molecular Biomedicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, 137-701, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of stem cell therapy as an adjuvant treatment for congested skin flap.

METHOD:

Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 21) were randomized into three groups. In group I, the flap was sutured without venous ischemia. In group II, the vein was selectively clamped for 4 hours, and complete medium was administered upon clamp removal. In group III, ADSCs were administered upon removing the clamp. On postoperative day 7, the survival areas and the histopathologic findings were assessed. In addition, the expression of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 and nuclear factor (NF)-κB was assessed using immunofluorescent staining and western blot analyses.

RESULTS:

Compared with group II, group III showed significantly increased flap survival (31.2% ± 11.9% vs. 51.6% ± 13.6%, P < 0.05). The degree of histological abnormalities was significantly lower in group III than in group II (9.38% ± 1.39 vs. 6.46% ± 2.57, P < 0.05). In addition, in group III, the expression of NF-κB was significantly lower (0.51 ± 0.21 vs. 0.34 ± 0.21, P < 0.05), whereas that of HO-1 was significantly higher (0.25 ± 0.11 vs. 0.43 ± 0.18, P < 0.01). Immunofluorescent staining also showed more HO-1-positive cells in group III than in group II (10.9% ± 1.6% vs. 16.0% ± 1.7%, P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Our study demonstrated that treatment with ADSCs significantly increased flap survival in venous ischemia-reperfusion conditions. Further investigation of these protective effects and optimization of the treatment protocol could make cell therapy a viable treatment.

PMID:
26510716
DOI:
10.1002/micr.22522
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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