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Open Forum Infect Dis. 2015 Jul 17;2(3):ofv110. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofv110. eCollection 2015 Sep.

Are Staphylococcus intermedius Infections in Humans Cases of Mistaken Identity? A Case Series and Literature Review.

Author information

1
Division of Infectious Diseases and HIV Medicine ; Departments of Medicine ; Division of Infectious Diseases, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio.
2
Departments of Medicine ; Research Service , Cleveland , Ohio.
3
Division of Infectious Diseases and HIV Medicine ; Departments of Medicine ; Pathology ; Pharmacology ; Molecular Biology and Microbiology ; Biochemistry , Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine , Cleveland, Ohio ; Research Service , Cleveland , Ohio ; Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center , Cleveland, Ohio ; Medical Service, Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio.
4
Division of Infectious Diseases and HIV Medicine ; Departments of Medicine ; Research Service , Cleveland , Ohio ; Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center , Cleveland, Ohio ; Medical Service, Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio.

Abstract

Staphylococcus intermedius and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius are difficult to distinguish using conventional microbiological methods. Molecular diagnostic tools change our understanding of the epidemiology of these 2 organisms. In this study, we present (1) a detailed review of the current literature on molecular diagnostics and (2) a case series in which misidentification was proven in 1 case. We conclude that S pseudintermedius is a more common human pathogen than previously recognized.

KEYWORDS:

Staphylococcus intermedius; Staphylococcus pseudintermedius; molecular diagnostics; skin and soft tissue infections; zoonotic infection

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