Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Hortic Res. 2014 Mar 12;1:8. doi: 10.1038/hortres.2014.8. eCollection 2014.

Sequential light programs shape kale (Brassica napus) sprout appearance and alter metabolic and nutrient content.

Author information

1
Horticultural Sciences Department, University of Florida , Gainesville, FL, USA ; Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology Program, University of Florida , Gainesville, FL, USA.
2
Horticultural Sciences Department, University of Florida , Gainesville, FL, USA ; Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology Program, University of Florida , Gainesville, FL, USA ; Plant Innovation Program, University of Florida , Gainesville, FL, USA.

Abstract

Different light wavelengths have specific effects on plant growth and development. Narrow-bandwidth light-emitting diode (LED) lighting may be used to directionally manipulate size, color and metabolites in high-value fruits and vegetables. In this report, Red Russian kale (Brassica napus) seedlings were grown under specific light conditions and analyzed for photomorphogenic responses, pigment accumulation and nutraceutical content. The results showed that this genotype responds predictably to darkness, blue and red light, with suppression of hypocotyl elongation, development of pigments and changes in specific metabolites. However, these seedlings were relatively hypersensitive to far-red light, leading to uncharacteristically short hypocotyls and high pigment accumulation, even after growth under very low fluence rates (<1 μmol m(-2) s(-1)). General antioxidant levels and aliphatic glucosinolates are elevated by far-red light treatments. Sequential treatments of darkness, blue light, red light and far-red light were applied throughout sprout development to alter final product quality. These results indicate that sequential treatment with narrow-bandwidth light may be used to affect key economically important traits in high-value crops.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center