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Molecules. 2015 Oct 16;20(10):18907-22. doi: 10.3390/molecules201018907.

Phytochemicals from Ruta graveolens Activate TAS2R Bitter Taste Receptors and TRP Channels Involved in Gustation and Nociception.

Author information

1
DeFENS-Department of Food, Environmental and Nutritional Sciences, University of Milan, via Celoria 2, Milano I-20133, Italy. manq.hsp@libero.it.
2
DeFENS-Department of Food, Environmental and Nutritional Sciences, University of Milan, via Celoria 2, Milano I-20133, Italy. gigliola.borgonovo@unimi.it.
3
DeFENS-Department of Food, Environmental and Nutritional Sciences, University of Milan, via Celoria 2, Milano I-20133, Italy. leonardo.scaglioni@unimi.it.
4
DeFENS-Department of Food, Environmental and Nutritional Sciences, University of Milan, via Celoria 2, Milano I-20133, Italy. angela.bassoli@unimi.it.

Abstract

Ruta graveolens (rue) is a spontaneous plant in the Mediterranean area with a strong aroma and a very intense bitter taste, used in gastronomy and in folk medicine. From the leaves, stems and fruits of rue, we isolated rutin, rutamarin, three furanocoumarins, two quinolinic alkaloids, a dicoumarin and two long chain ketones. Bitter taste and chemesthetic properties have been evaluated by in vitro assays with twenty receptors of the TAS2R family and four TRP ion channels involved in gustation and nociception. Among the alkaloids, skimmianine was active as a specific agonist of T2R14, whereas kokusaginin did not activate any of the tested receptors. The furanocoumarins activates TAS2R10, 14, and 49 with different degrees of selectivity, as well as the TRPA1 somatosensory ion channel. Rutamarin is an agonist of TRPM5 and TRPV1 and a strong antagonist of TRPM8 ion channels.

KEYWORDS:

Ruta graveolens; TAS2Rs receptors; TRP channels; bitter taste; chemesthesis

PMID:
26501253
PMCID:
PMC6331789
DOI:
10.3390/molecules201018907
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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