Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Age (Dordr). 2015 Dec;37(6):109. doi: 10.1007/s11357-015-9849-y. Epub 2015 Oct 26.

Effect of resistance training on C-reactive protein, blood glucose and lipid profile in older women with differing levels of RT experience.

Author information

1
Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Londrina State University, Londrina, Brazil. alex-silvaribeiro@hotmail.com.
2
, Rua Carmela Dutra 862, Jataizinho, PR, 86210-000, Brazil. alex-silvaribeiro@hotmail.com.
3
Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Londrina State University, Londrina, Brazil.
4
Exercise Science Department, CUNY Lehman College, Bronx, New York, USA.
5
Paraná State University, Paranavaí, Brazil.
6
Clinical Analyses Laboratory, Londrina State University, Londrina, Brazil.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of a progressive resistance training (RT) program on C-reactive protein (CRP), blood glucose (GLU), and lipid profile in older women with differing levels of RT experience. Sixty-five older women (68.9 ± 6.1 years, 67.1 ± 13.1 kg) were separated according to RT experience: an advanced group composed by 35 participants who previously carried out 24 weeks of RT and a novice group composed by 30 participants without previous experience in RT (n = 30). Both groups performed a RT program comprised of eight exercises targeting all the major muscles. Training was carried out 3 days/week for 8 weeks. Serum triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), GLU, and CRP concentrations were determined pre- and post- intervention after 12 h fasting. A significant group by time interaction (P < 0.05) for the TC (novice = -1.9% vs. advanced = 1.0%), and CRP (novice = -22.9% vs. advanced = -54.5%) was observed. A main effect of time (P < 0.05) was identified for the GLU (novice = -2.6% vs. advanced = -6.6%), TG (novice = -12.9% vs. advanced = -5.7%), HDL-C (novice = +6.7% vs. advanced = +2.6%), and LDL-C (novice = -34.0% vs. advanced = -25.4%). These results suggest that RT improves the metabolic profile of older women and that training for a longer period of time seems to produce more pronounced reductions mainly on CRP.

KEYWORDS:

Aging; C-reactive protein; Lipoproteins; Strength training

PMID:
26499819
PMCID:
PMC5005848
DOI:
10.1007/s11357-015-9849-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Conflict of interest statement

Compliance with ethical standards Written informed consent was obtained from all participants after a detailed description of study procedures was provided. This investigation was conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the local University Ethics Committee.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center