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BMC Med Genet. 2015 Oct 24;16:96. doi: 10.1186/s12881-015-0244-4.

Genetics, sleep and memory: a recall-by-genotype study of ZNF804A variants and sleep neurophysiology.

Author information

1
School of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. charlotte.hellmich@googlemail.com.
2
Clinical Research and Imaging Centre (CRICBristol), University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. Claire.Durant@bristol.ac.uk.
3
School of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. Matt.Jones@bristol.ac.uk.
4
MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit at University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. N.J.Timpson@bristol.ac.uk.
5
School of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. Ullrich.Bartsch@bristol.ac.uk.
6
MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit at University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. laura.corbin@bristol.ac.uk.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Schizophrenia is a complex, polygenic disorder for which over 100 genetic variants have been identified that correlate with diagnosis. However, the biological mechanisms underpinning the different symptom clusters remain undefined. The rs1344706 single nucleotide polymorphism within ZNF804A was among the first genetic variants found to be associated with schizophrenia. Previously, neuroimaging and cognitive studies have revealed several associations between rs1344706 and brain structure and function. The aim of this study is to use a recall-by-genotype (RBG) design to investigate the biological basis for the association of ZNF804A variants with schizophrenia. A RBG study, implemented in a population cohort, will be used to evaluate the impact of genetic variation at rs1344706 on sleep neurophysiology and procedural memory consolidation in healthy participants.

METHODS/DESIGN:

Participants will be recruited from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) on the basis of genotype at rs1344706 (n = 24). Each participant will be asked to take part in two nights of in-depth sleep monitoring (polysomnography) allowing collection of neurophysiological sleep data in a manner not amenable to large-scale study. Sleep questionnaires will be used to assess general sleep quality and subjective sleep experience after each in-house recording. A motor sequencing task (MST) will be performed before and after the second night of polysomnography. In order to gather additional data about habitual sleep behaviour participants will be asked to wear a wrist worn activity monitor (actiwatch) and complete a sleep diary for two weeks.

DISCUSSION:

This study will explore the biological function of ZNF804A genotype (rs1344706) in healthy volunteers by examining detailed features of sleep architecture and physiology in relation to motor learning. Using a RBG approach will enable us to collect precise and detailed phenotypic data whilst achieving an informative biological gradient. It would not be feasible to collect such data in the large sample sizes that would be required under a random sampling scheme. By dissecting the role of individual variants associated with schizophrenia in this way, we can begin to unravel the complex genetic mechanisms of psychiatric disorders and pave the way for future development of novel therapeutic approaches.

PMID:
26498712
PMCID:
PMC4619339
DOI:
10.1186/s12881-015-0244-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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