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BMC Womens Health. 2015 Oct 24;15:92. doi: 10.1186/s12905-015-0253-7.

The relationship of social support concept and repeat mammography among Iranian women.

Author information

1
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran. sima_homa@yahoo.com.
2
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, PO Box 66177-13391, Pasdaran Street, Sanandaj, Iran. Parvaneh.tay@gmail.com.
3
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, PO Box 66177-13391, Pasdaran Street, Sanandaj, Iran. mitra_bahrami66@yahoo.com.
4
Department of Genicology, School of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Breast cancer ranks as the first most common cancer among the Iranian women. The regular repeat of mammography with 1-2 year intervals leads to the increased efficiency of early detection of breast cancer. The present study examined the predictors of repeat mammography. It was hypothesized that higher social support is connected with mammography repeat.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional study was carried out among 400 women 50 years and older in Sanandaj, Iran. Data was collected by the questionnaire including information on socio demographical variables and measuring social support level. Data was analyzed by SPSS16 software. Multiple logistic regression was used to determine the predictive power of demographic variables and dimensions of social support for repeat mammography.

RESULTS:

Women aged 50-55 years had three times odds of repeat mammography compared to women aged 56-60 years) OR, 3.02). Married women had greater odds of repeat mammography compared to single women (Pā€‰<ā€‰0.006). The probability of repeat mammography in women with higher social support was 0.93 times greater than the women with lower social support (OR, 0.93; 95 % CI, 0.91-0.95; Pā€‰<ā€‰0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Iranian women are less likely repeat mammography than other Asian women. Identifying the associations between perceived social support and repeat mammography may offer detailed information to allow for future study and guide the development of interventions not only for Iranian women but also for similar cultural that received pay too little attention to date in the breast cancer literature.

PMID:
26497048
PMCID:
PMC4620002
DOI:
10.1186/s12905-015-0253-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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