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Chembiochem. 2015 Nov;16(17):2471-8. doi: 10.1002/cbic.201500429. Epub 2015 Oct 23.

Novel Abscisic Acid Antagonists Identified with Chemical Array Screening.

Author information

1
Chemical Biology Research Group, RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, Wako, Saitama, 351-0198, Japan.
2
Gene Discovery Research Group, RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 230-0045, Japan.
3
Graduate School of Bio-Applications and Systems Engineering, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Yokohama, Koganei, Tokyo, 184-8588, Japan.
4
Chemical Biology Research Group, RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, Wako, Saitama, 351-0198, Japan. hisyo@riken.jp.

Abstract

Abscisic acid (ABA) signaling is involved in multiple processes in plants, such as water stress control and seed dormancy. Major regulators of ABA signaling are the PYR/PYL/RCAR family receptor proteins, group A protein phosphatases 2C (PP2Cs), and subclass III of SNF1-related protein kinase 2 (SnRK2). Novel ABA agonists and antagonists to modulate the functions of these proteins would not only contribute to clarification of the signaling mechanisms but might also be used to improve crop yields. To obtain small molecules that interact with Arabidopsis ABA receptor PYR1, we screened 24 275 compounds from a chemical library at the RIKEN Natural Products Depository by using a chemical array platform. Subsequent SnRK2 and PP2C assays narrowed down the candidates to two molecules. One antagonized ABA in a competitive manner and inhibited the formation of the PYR1-ABA-PP2C ternary complex. These compounds might have potential as bioprobes to analyze ABA signaling.

KEYWORDS:

abscisic acid; antagonist; chemical array; chemical biology; inhibitors; signal transduction

PMID:
26493545
DOI:
10.1002/cbic.201500429
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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