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Br Med Bull. 2015;116:105-13. doi: 10.1093/bmb/ldv041. Epub 2015 Oct 21.

Antibiotic resistance: what, why, where, when and how?

Author information

1
Clinical Microbiology & Public Health Laboratory, Box 236, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge CB2 0QW, UK.
2
Clinical Microbiology & Public Health Laboratory, Box 236, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge CB2 0QW, UK nicholas.brown@addenbrookes.nhs.uk.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Antibiotic resistance is a threat to the effective prevention and treatment of an ever-increasing range of infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi.

SOURCES OF DATA:

Peer-reviewed journal articles, governmental and professional society publications.

AREAS OF AGREEMENT AND CONTROVERSY:

There is consensus about the development and spread of antibiotic resistance, the reasons for the development of antibiotic resistance and the clinical impact. There is more debate about the most appropriate way of tackling this increasing problem.

GROWING POINTS:

This review discusses a number of initiatives (local and global) that are being undertaken to protect the antibiotics we currently have available for use and to encourage the development of newer agents.

KEYWORDS:

antibiotic stewardship; antibiotics; resistance

PMID:
26491083
DOI:
10.1093/bmb/ldv041
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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