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Development. 2015 Oct 15;142(20):3500-11. doi: 10.1242/dev.122564.

Trithorax regulates systemic signaling during Drosophila imaginal disc regeneration.

Author information

1
Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61853, USA.
2
Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61853, USA rsbolton@illinois.edu.

Abstract

Although tissue regeneration has been studied in a variety of organisms, from Hydra to humans, many of the genes that regulate the ability of each animal to regenerate remain unknown. The larval imaginal discs of the genetically tractable model organism Drosophila melanogaster have complex patterning, well-characterized development and a high regenerative capacity, and are thus an excellent model system for studying mechanisms that regulate regeneration. To identify genes that are important for wound healing and tissue repair, we have carried out a genetic screen for mutations that impair regeneration in the wing imaginal disc. Through this screen we identified the chromatin-modification gene trithorax as a key regeneration gene. Here we show that animals heterozygous for trithorax are unable to maintain activation of a developmental checkpoint that allows regeneration to occur. This defect is likely to be caused by abnormally high expression of puckered, a negative regulator of Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling, at the wound site. Insufficient JNK signaling leads to insufficient expression of an insulin-like peptide, dILP8, which is required for the developmental checkpoint. Thus, trithorax regulates regeneration signaling and capacity.

KEYWORDS:

Chromatin; JNK signaling; Regeneration

PMID:
26487779
PMCID:
PMC6514394
DOI:
10.1242/dev.122564
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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