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Sci Signal. 2015 Oct 20;8(399):re10. doi: 10.1126/scisignal.aad0416.

Matters of context guide future research in TGFβ superfamily signaling.

Author information

1
Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center and Department of Anatomy, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158-9001, USA. rosemary.akhurst@ucsf.edu.
2
Waksman Institute, Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, and Cancer Institute of New Jersey, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8020, USA.

Abstract

The highly conserved wiring of the SMAD-dependent transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) superfamily signaling pathway has been mapped over the last 20 years after molecular discovery of its component parts. Numerous alternative TGFβ-activated signaling pathways that elicit SMAD-independent biological responses also exist. However, the molecular mechanisms responsible for the renowned context dependency of TGFβ signaling output remains an active and often confounding area of research, providing a prototype relevant to regulation of other signaling pathways. Highlighting discoveries presented at the 9th FASEB meeting, The TGFβ Superfamily: Signaling in Development and Disease (July 12-17th 2015 in Snowmass, Colorado), this Review outlines research into the rich contextual nature of TGFβ signaling output and offers clues for therapeutic advances.

PMID:
26486175
DOI:
10.1126/scisignal.aad0416
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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