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Biochimie. 2015 Dec;119:103-12. doi: 10.1016/j.biochi.2015.10.014. Epub 2015 Oct 19.

Taxifolin curbs NF-κB-mediated Wnt/β-catenin signaling via up-regulating Nrf2 pathway in experimental colon carcinogenesis.

Author information

1
Department of Biotechnology, School of Biosciences, Periyar University, Salem, 636011 Tamilnadu, India.
2
Harborview Research & Training Building, University of Washington, School of Medicine, Seattle, WA 98104, United States.
3
Department of Biotechnology, School of Biosciences, Periyar University, Salem, 636011 Tamilnadu, India. Electronic address: elangovannn@gmail.com.
4
Translational Research Lab, Department of Biotechnology, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, 641046 Tamilnadu, India.
5
Department of Biotechnology, Siddaganga Institute of Technology, Tumakuru, 5720103 Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Aberrations in homeostasis mechanisms including Nrf2, inflammatory, and Wnt/β-catenin signaling are the major causative factors implicated in colon cancer development. Hence blocking these pathways through natural interventions pave a new channel for colon cancer prevention. Earlier, we reported the chemopreventive effect of taxifolin (TAX) against colon carcinogenesis. In this study, we aimed to understand the ability of TAX, to modulate the Nrf2, inflammatory and Wnt/β-catenin cascades on 1, 2-dimethyl hydrazine (DMH)-induced mouse colon carcinogenesis. In addition, in silico molecular docking studies were performed to evaluate the binding affinity between TAX and target proteins (Nrf2, β-catenin, and TNF-α). We perceived that the increase of serum marker enzyme levels (CEA and LDH) and mast cell infiltration that occurs in the presence of DMH is inverted after TAX treatment. Immunoblot expression and docking analysis revealed that TAX could induce antioxidant response pathway, confirming the enhanced level of Nrf2 protein. It also inhibited NF-κB and Wnt signaling by down-regulating the levels of regulatory metabolites such as TNF-α, COX-2, β-catenin, and Cyclin-D1. Collectively, results of our hypothesis shown that TAX is an effective chemopreventive agent capable of modulating inflammatory, Wnt and antioxidant response pathway proteins in tumor microenvironment which explicating its anticancer property.

KEYWORDS:

Colon cancer; DMH; Docking; Nrf2; Taxifolin; Wnt/β-catenin

PMID:
26482805
DOI:
10.1016/j.biochi.2015.10.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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