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Nat Commun. 2015 Oct 20;6:8649. doi: 10.1038/ncomms9649.

Extremely durable biofouling-resistant metallic surfaces based on electrodeposited nanoporous tungstite films on steel.

Author information

1
John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA.
2
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA.
3
Kavli Institute for Bionano Science and Technology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA.

Abstract

Formation of unwanted deposits on steels during their interaction with liquids is an inherent problem that often leads to corrosion, biofouling and results in reduction in durability and function. Here we report a new route to form anti-fouling steel surfaces by electrodeposition of nanoporous tungsten oxide (TO) films. TO-modified steels are as mechanically durable as bare steel and highly tolerant to compressive and tensile stresses due to chemical bonding to the substrate and island-like morphology. When inherently superhydrophilic TO coatings are converted to superhydrophobic, they remain non-wetting even after impingement with yttria-stabilized-zirconia particles, or exposure to ultraviolet light and extreme temperatures. Upon lubrication, these surfaces display omniphobicity against highly contaminating media retaining hitherto unseen mechanical durability. To illustrate the applicability of such a durable coating in biofouling conditions, we modified naval construction steels and surgical instruments and demonstrated significantly reduced marine algal film adhesion, Escherichia coli attachment and blood staining.

PMID:
26482559
PMCID:
PMC4667690
DOI:
10.1038/ncomms9649
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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