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Neurology. 1989 Apr;39(4):493-8.

Central pontine myelinolysis after liver transplantation.

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Neurology Department, Presbyterian-University Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA.


Eight adults and 3 children out of 85 patients who had neuropathologic examination after death following orthotopic liver transplantation showed central pontine myelinolysis (CPM). Four patients also had extrapontine myelinolysis. Eight patients had significant serum sodium changes. In 5, the fluctuation occurred perioperatively and 4 had a clinical picture consistent with CPM, although no patient had this as an antemortem diagnosis. We emphasize the role of hepatic dysfunction as a cause of CPM and recommend careful monitoring of electrolytes in the perioperative period of patients undergoing liver transplantation.

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