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Nucleic Acids Res. 2016 Jan 4;44(D1):D1075-9. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkv1075. Epub 2015 Oct 19.

The SIDER database of drugs and side effects.

Author information

1
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Pfotenhauerstr. 108, 01307 Dresden, Germany mkuhn@mpi-cbg.de.
2
Biobyte solutions GmbH, Bothestr. 142, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
3
Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Protein Research, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark.
4
European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Structural and Computational Biology Unit, Molecular Medicine Partnership Unit, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany Max-Delbrück-Centre for Molecular Medicine, Robert-Rössle-Strasse 10, 13092 Berlin, Germany bork@embl.de.

Abstract

Unwanted side effects of drugs are a burden on patients and a severe impediment in the development of new drugs. At the same time, adverse drug reactions (ADRs) recorded during clinical trials are an important source of human phenotypic data. It is therefore essential to combine data on drugs, targets and side effects into a more complete picture of the therapeutic mechanism of actions of drugs and the ways in which they cause adverse reactions. To this end, we have created the SIDER ('Side Effect Resource', http://sideeffects.embl.de) database of drugs and ADRs. The current release, SIDER 4, contains data on 1430 drugs, 5880 ADRs and 140 064 drug-ADR pairs, which is an increase of 40% compared to the previous version. For more fine-grained analyses, we extracted the frequency with which side effects occur from the package inserts. This information is available for 39% of drug-ADR pairs, 19% of which can be compared to the frequency under placebo treatment. SIDER furthermore contains a data set of drug indications, extracted from the package inserts using Natural Language Processing. These drug indications are used to reduce the rate of false positives by identifying medical terms that do not correspond to ADRs.

PMID:
26481350
PMCID:
PMC4702794
DOI:
10.1093/nar/gkv1075
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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