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Nat Rev Neurosci. 2015 Nov;16(11):693-700. doi: 10.1038/nrn4044.

The neural bases of emotion regulation.

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Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and the Stanford Neurosciences Institute, Stanford University, 401 Quarry Road, Stanford, California 94304, USA; and the Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Healthcare System and the Sierra Pacific Mental Illness, Research, Education and Clinical Center (MIRECC), 3801 Miranda Ave, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA.
Department of Systems Neuroscience, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistr 52, 20246 Hamburg, Germany.
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, 450 Serra Mall, Stanford, California 94305, USA.


Emotions are powerful determinants of behaviour, thought and experience, and they may be regulated in various ways. Neuroimaging studies have implicated several brain regions in emotion regulation, including the ventral anterior cingulate and ventromedial prefrontal cortices, as well as the lateral prefrontal and parietal cortices. Drawing on computational approaches to value-based decision-making and reinforcement learning, we propose a unifying conceptual framework for understanding the neural bases of diverse forms of emotion regulation.

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