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Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2015 Jun;35(6):549-52.

[Expressions of neurotransmitters in patients of insomnia differentiated as liver stagnation transforming into fire treated with acupuncture].

[Article in Chinese]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the difference in the efficacy between acupuncture and oral administration of trazodone and the expressions of neurotransmitters in patients of insomnia differentiated as liver stagnation transforming into fire.

METHODS:

Seventy patients of insomnia differentiated as liver stagnation transforming into fire were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 35 cases in each one. In the observation group, acupuncture therapy was adopted at Shenmen (HT 7), Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 29), Hegu (LI 4), Taichong (LR 3), etc. The needles were retained for 20 min each time. The treatment was given once a day, the treatment of 2 weeks made one session. In the control group, trazodone, 100 mg, oral administration, once a day, the treatment of 2 weeks made one session. Two sessions were required in the two groups. The scores in Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and Asberg rating scale for side effects (SERS), the levels of neurotransmitters such as 5-hydroxy tryptamine (5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) and the expressions of protein kinase C (PKC) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in peripheral blood were observed before and after treatment in the two groups.

RESULTS:

PSQI score and SERS score after treatment were all decreased compared with those in both groups before treatment (both P<0. 05). After treatment, PSQI score and SERS score in the observation group were lower apparently than those in the control group (both P<0. 05). After treatment NE content and PKC level were decreased; 5-HT content and BDNF mRNA were increased compared with those in both groups before treatment (all P<0. 05). NE content and PKC level in the observation group were lower apparently than those in the control group (both P<0. 05). The serum 5-HT content and BDNF mRNA expression in the observation group were higher than those in the control group separately (both P<0. 05).

CONCLUSION:

Acupuncture therapy improves the sleeping quality of patients of insomnia differentiated as liver stagnation transforming into fire, and reduces serum NE level and increases 5-HT content and BDNF expression, which achieves the better efficacy as compared with the oral administration of trazodone. It is one of the effective approaches to the treatment of insomnia differentiated as liver stagnation transforming into fire.

PMID:
26480548
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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