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J Occup Environ Med. 2016 Jan;58(1):76-82. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000602.

Pre-Travel Medical Preparation of Business and Occupational Travelers: An Analysis of the Global TravEpiNet Consortium, 2009 to 2012.

Author information

Division of Global Migration and Quarantine (Ms Khan, Dr Jentes, Dr Brown, Ms Han, Dr Kozarsky), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Department of Quantitative Health Sciences (Dr Rao), University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester; Center for Health Quality (Dr Rao), Outcomes & Economics Research, Bedford VA Medical Center, Massachusetts; Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases (Dr Hagmann), Bronx Lebanon Hospital Center; Department of Pediatrics (Dr Hagmann), Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York; Travelers' Advice and Immunization Center (Dr LaRocque, Dr Ryan), Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.



The aim of the study was to understand more about pre-travel preparations and itineraries of business and occupational travelers.


De-identified data from 18 Global TravEpiNet clinics from January 2009 to December 2012 were analyzed.


Of 23,534 travelers, 61% were non-occupational and 39% occupational. Business travelers were more likely to be men, had short times to departure and shorter trip durations, and commonly refused influenza, meningococcal, and hepatitis B vaccines. Most business travelers indicated that employers suggested the pre-travel health consultation, whereas non-occupational travelers sought consultations because of travel health concerns.


Sub-groups of occupational travelers have characteristic profiles, with business travelers being particularly distinct. Employers play a role in encouraging business travelers to seek pre-travel consultations. Such consultations, even if scheduled immediately before travel, can identify vaccination gaps and increase coverage.

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