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Sci Rep. 2015 Oct 19;5:15333. doi: 10.1038/srep15333.

Optical coherency matrix tomography.

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1
CREOL, The College of Optics &Photonics, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32816, USA.

Abstract

The coherence of an optical beam having multiple degrees of freedom (DoFs) is described by a coherency matrix G spanning these DoFs. This optical coherency matrix has not been measured in its entirety to date--even in the simplest case of two binary DoFs where G is a 4 × 4 matrix. We establish a methodical yet versatile approach--optical coherency matrix tomography--for reconstructing G that exploits the analogy between this problem in classical optics and that of tomographically reconstructing the density matrix associated with multipartite quantum states in quantum information science. Here G is reconstructed from a minimal set of linearly independent measurements, each a cascade of projective measurements for each DoF. We report the first experimental measurements of the 4 × 4 coherency matrix G associated with an electromagnetic beam in which polarization and a spatial DoF are relevant, ranging from the traditional two-point Young's double slit to spatial parity and orbital angular momentum modes.

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