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Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2016 Jan 1;58:1131-7. doi: 10.1016/j.msec.2015.09.018. Epub 2015 Sep 7.

Development of a novel starch with a three-dimensional ordered macroporous structure for improving the dissolution rate of felodipine.

Author information

1
Pharmacy School, Liaoning Medical University, 40 Songpo Road, Linghe District, Jinzhou, Liaoning Province 121000, China.
2
Pharmacy School, Liaoning Medical University, 40 Songpo Road, Linghe District, Jinzhou, Liaoning Province 121000, China. Electronic address: wuchao27@126.com.

Abstract

In this study, silica nanospheres with different particle sizes were used as hard template for synthesis of a starch with a novel three-dimensional ordered macroporous structure (3DOMTS). As a pharmaceutical adjuvant, 3DOMTS was used to improve the dissolution rate and oral relative bioavailability of water-insoluble drugs. Felodipine (FDP) was chosen as a model drug and was loaded into the 3DOMTS by solvent evaporation. FDP loading into 3DOMTS with different pore sizes was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), powder X-ray diffractometer (PXRD) and Fourier-Transform Infrared (FTIR). The results obtained showed that FDP was present in the pores in an amorphic or microcrystalline state. The in vitro dissolution results showed that 3DOMTS could effectively improve the dissolution rate of FDP in comparison with commercial common tablets. Pharmacokinetic results indicated that the oral relative bioavailability of self-made FDP-3DOMTS tablets were 184%, showing that 3DOMTS produced a significantly increased oral absorption of FDP. In conclusion, 3DOMTS exhibits the dual potential of improving the dissolution rate of poorly water soluble drugs and the novel filler produced by direct compression technology confirming that 3DOMTS will be useful for many applications in the field of pharmaceutics.

KEYWORDS:

Felodipine; Insoluble drug; Relative bioavailability; Starch; The dissolution rate; Three-dimensional ordered macroporous

PMID:
26478413
DOI:
10.1016/j.msec.2015.09.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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