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Sci Rep. 2015 Oct 19;5:15226. doi: 10.1038/srep15226.

Affibody-mediated PET imaging of HER3 expression in malignant tumours.

Author information

1
Preclinical PET Platform, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
2
Division of Protein Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
3
Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Abstract

Human epidermal growth factor receptor 3 (HER3) is involved in the progression of various cancers and in resistance to therapies targeting the HER family. In vivo imaging of HER3 expression would enable patient stratification for anti-HER3 immunotherapy. Key challenges with HER3-targeting are the relatively low expression in HER3-positive tumours and HER3 expression in normal tissues. The use of positron-emission tomography (PET) provides advantages of high resolution, sensitivity and quantification accuracy compared to SPECT. Affibody molecules, imaging probes based on a non-immunoglobulin scaffold, provide high imaging contrast shortly after injection. The aim of this study was to evaluate feasibility of PET imaging of HER3 expression using (68)Ga-labeled affibody molecules. The anti-HER3 affibody molecule HEHEHE-Z08698-NOTA was successfully labelled with (68)Ga with high yield, purity and stability. The agent bound specifically to HER3-expressing cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. At 3 h pi, uptake of (68)Ga-HEHEHE-Z08698-NOTA was significantly higher in xenografts with high HER3 expression (BT474, BxPC-3) than in xenografts with low HER3 expression (A431). In xenografts with high expression, tumour-to-blood ratios were >20, tumour-to-muscle >15, and tumour-to-bone >7. HER3-positive xenografts were visualised using microPET 3 h pi. In conclusion, PET imaging of HER3 expression is feasible using (68)Ga-HEHEHE-Z08698-NOTA shortly after administration.

PMID:
26477646
PMCID:
PMC4609989
DOI:
10.1038/srep15226
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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