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J Vasc Surg. 2016 Jan;63(1):1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2015.07.080. Epub 2015 Oct 23.

The PROTAGORAS study to evaluate the performance of the Endurant stent graft for patients with pararenal pathologic processes treated by the chimney/snorkel endovascular technique.

Author information

1
Department of Vascular Surgery, St. Franziskus Hospital Münster, Münster, Germany; Clinic of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University of Münster, Münster, Germany. Electronic address: konstantinos.donas@googlemail.com.
2
Department of Vascular Surgery, St. Franziskus Hospital Münster, Münster, Germany; Clinic of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University of Münster, Münster, Germany.
3
Diagnostic Imaging Department, University Hospital of Udine, Udine, Italy.
4
Department of Vascular Surgery, St. Franziskus Hospital Münster, Münster, Germany; Clinic of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University of Münster, Münster, Germany; Division of Vascular Surgery, Thessaloniki University Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece.
5
Department of Radiology, St. Franziskus Hospital Münster, Münster, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The chimney/snorkel endovascular aortic repair (ch-EVAR) is gaining ever-greater acceptance in the treatment of pararenal pathologic processes. However, the published experience includes mainly short-term clinical results with combinations of several abdominal devices and types of chimney grafts. The aim of this study was the midterm evaluation of the Endurant stent graft (Medtronic, Santa Rosa, Calif) as a standard abdominal device for ch-EVAR.

METHODS:

Between January 2009 and January 2013, prospectively collected data of high-risk patients with pararenal pathologic processes who underwent ch-EVAR with placement of the Endurant abdominal device were analyzed. The chimney graft intended for use was a balloon-expandable covered stent. Main outcome measures were aneurysm sac regression and chimney graft patency.

RESULTS:

A total of 187 snorkel/chimney grafts were successfully placed in 128 patients (mean age, 76.6 years). The technical success was 100%. The mean preoperative proximal neck length and aneurysm size were 4.7 mm and 64.8 mm (range, 48-135 mm), respectively. The postoperative new neck length after use of chimney grafts was 18.7 ± 6.3 mm. The mean aneurysm sac decreased significantly (60.8 mm; 95% confidence interval, 2.036-7.084; P = .001) after a mean radiologic follow up of 24.6 ± 17.4 months. Thirty-day mortality and midterm mortality were 0.8% and 17.2%, respectively. Two patients (1.6%) with single chimneys presented with late new onset of type Ia endoleak and underwent additional tube and multiple chimney placement. Primary chimney graft patency was 95.7%. Freedom from chimney graft-related reinterventions was 93.1%.

CONCLUSIONS:

Standard use of the Endurant abdominal device for ch-EVAR in >120 patients is associated with high technical success, significant aneurysm sac regression, and low incidence of secondary procedures after 2-year radiologic follow-up. These results will give significant impetus to device selection, facilitating the standardization of technique.

Comment in

PMID:
26476671
DOI:
10.1016/j.jvs.2015.07.080
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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