Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Waste Manag Res. 2015 Dec;33(12):1052-65. doi: 10.1177/0734242X15607428. Epub 2015 Oct 16.

Development of performance indicators for municipal solid waste management (PIMS): A review.

Author information

1
Department of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, Anna University, Sardar Patel Road, Guindy, Chennai 600025, India sanju0207@gmail.com.
2
Department of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, Anna University, Sardar Patel Road, Guindy, Chennai 600025, India.

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to review papers on municipal solid waste management (SWM) systems, especially on performance indicators (PIs), and suggest practical methods to manage the same by administrators. Worldwide, about 4 billion metric tons of solid waste (SW) is generated annually; the management of SW across cities is increasingly getting more complex and the funds available for providing service to citizens are shrinking. Analysis of the non-technical research papers shows that focus areas on SW can be grouped into 18 types, one being PIs. Historically, PIs for municipal SWM (PIMS) commenced with the publication of guidelines by various government agencies, starting in 1969. This was followed by a few benchmarking studies, commencing in 1998, by various international institutions. Many published comparative studies also disseminated good practices across the cities. From the 1990s onwards, research work started defining PIMS. These initiatives by various researchers took multiple dimensions and are reviewed in this paper. In almost all studies, the PIMS is measured in terms of investment decisions, public acceptance levels, social participation and environmental needs. The multiple indicators are complex, however, and managers of cities need simple tools to use. To make it simple, five-factor PIs are arrived at, considering simplicity and covering all the factors. A research agenda is outlined for future directions in the areas of cost reduction, citizens' services, citizen involvement and environmental impact.

KEYWORDS:

Review; effective and efficient resources use; measurement practices; municipal solid waste; performance indicators

PMID:
26475776
DOI:
10.1177/0734242X15607428
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center