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Endocrine. 2016 May;52(2):333-43. doi: 10.1007/s12020-015-0766-8. Epub 2015 Oct 16.

Quantitative analyses of T2-weighted MRI as a potential marker for response to somatostatin analogs in newly diagnosed acromegaly.

Author information

1
Section of Specialized Endocrinology, Department of Endocrinology, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, P.b 4950, Nydalen, 0424, Oslo, Norway. ansgar.heck@medisin.uio.no.
2
Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. ansgar.heck@medisin.uio.no.
3
The Intervention Centre, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway.
4
Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
5
Department of Pathology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
6
Section of Specialized Endocrinology, Department of Endocrinology, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, P.b 4950, Nydalen, 0424, Oslo, Norway.
7
Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
8
Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

In growth hormone (GH)-producing adenomas, T2-weighted MRI signal intensity is a marker for granulation pattern and response to somatostatin analogs (SSA). Prediction of treatment response is necessary for individualized treatment, and T2 intensity assessment might improve preoperative classification of somatotropinomas. The objectives of this study are (I) to explore the feasibility of quantitative T2-weighted MRI histogram analyses in newly diagnosed somatotroph adenomas and their relation to clinical and histological parameters and (II) to compare the quantitative method to conventional, visual assessment of T2 intensity. The study was a retrospective cohort study of 58 newly diagnosed patients. In 34 of these, response to primary SSA treatment after median 6 months was evaluated. Parameters from the T2 histogram analyses (T2 intensity ratio and T2 homogeneity ratio) were correlated to visually assessed T2 intensity (hypo-, iso-, hyperintense), baseline characteristics, response to SSA treatment, and histological granulation pattern (anti-Cam5.2). T2 intensity ratio was lowest in the hypointense tumors and highest in the hyperintense tumors (0.66 ± 0.10 vs. 1.07 ± 0.11; p < 0.001). T2 intensity at baseline correlated with reduction in GH (r = -0.67; p < 0.001) and IGF-1 (r = -0.36; p = 0.037) after primary SSA treatment (n = 34). The T2 homogeneity ratio correlated with adenoma size reduction (r = -0.45; p = 0.008). Sparsely granulated adenomas had a higher T2 intensity than densely or intermediately granulated adenomas. T2 histogram analyses are an applicable tool to assess T2 intensity in somatotroph adenomas. Quantitatively assessed T2 intensity ratio in GH-producing adenomas correlates with conventional assessment of T2 intensity, baseline characteristics, response to SSA treatment, and histological granulation pattern.

KEYWORDS:

Acromegaly; Granulation; MRI; Somatostatin analog; T2

PMID:
26475495
DOI:
10.1007/s12020-015-0766-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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