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Schizophr Res. 2015 Dec;169(1-3):453-457. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2015.09.029. Epub 2015 Oct 21.

Exercise improves cardiorespiratory fitness in people with schizophrenia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
KU Leuven Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Leuven, Belgium; KU Leuven Department of Neurosciences, UPC KU Leuven, Campus Kortenberg, Kortenberg, Belgium. Electronic address: Davy.Vancampfort@uc-kortenberg.be.
2
School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
3
Physiotherapy Department, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AZ, United Kingdom; Health Service and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, United Kingdom.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine if exercise can improve cardiorespiratory fitness in people with schizophrenia.

METHODS:

Major electronic databases were searched systematically until May 2015. A meta-analysis calculating Hedges' g statistic was undertaken.

RESULTS:

Engaging in exercise improves cardiorespiratory fitness in people with schizophrenia (g = 0.40, 95% CI = 0.16–0.64, p = 0.001, N = 7, n = 77). Data from four controlled studies demonstrated that exercise (n = 53) significantly improves cardiorespiratory fitness compared to control groups (n = 48) (g = 0.43, 95% CI = 0.05–0.82, p = 0.028).

CONCLUSIONS:

Considering the current findings, the multidisciplinary treatment of schizophrenia should include a focus on both, improving "fitness" and reducing "fatness", in order to reduce all-cause mortality.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiorespiratory fitness; Exercise; Physical activity; Psychosis; Schizophrenia

PMID:
26475214
DOI:
10.1016/j.schres.2015.09.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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