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Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 1989;23 Suppl:S9-12.

Randomized controlled study of mitomycin C/carboquone/5-fluorouracil/OK-432 (MQ-F-OK) therapy and mitomycin C/5-fluorouracil/doxorubicin (FAM) therapy against advanced liver cancer.

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1
First Department of Internal Medicine, Hirosaki University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

We have previously reported that the combination of mitomycin C, carboquone, 5-fluorouracil and OK-432, including the intra-arterial administration of mitomycin C and carboquone (MQ-F-OK therapy), was effective in the treatment of advanced liver cancer. The Cooperative Study Group conducted a controlled study on MQ-F-OK therapy and the combination of mitomycin C, 5-fluorouracil and doxorubicin, including the intra-arterial administration of mitomycin C and doxorubicin (FAM therapy), against advanced liver cancer. Forty patients with advanced primary or secondary liver cancer were enrolled in this study and randomized into the MQ-F-OK group and the FAM group. Seventeen of the 21 cases in the MQ-F-OK group and 16 of the 19 cases in the FAM group were eligible for response evaluation in accordance with the criteria of the Japan Society for Cancer Therapy. There was no significant difference in the patient characteristics between the two groups. Three cases in the MQ-F-OK group and two in the FAM group showed partial response. There was, however, no significant difference in the response rates and the prolongation of life between the two groups. As for the side-effects, only anemia was observed more frequently in the FAM group than in the MQ-F-OK group. In conclusion, we could not preferentially recommend either MQ-F-OK therapy or FAM therapy for advanced liver cancer. The performance status of the patient was one of the most important factors in the treatment of advanced liver cancer because patients with poor performance status showed poorer results.

PMID:
2647315
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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