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Food Chem Toxicol. 2015 Dec;86:124-31. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2015.10.003. Epub 2015 Oct 22.

Effects of oral administration of titanium dioxide fine-sized particles on plasma glucose in mice.

Author information

1
School of Life Science and Technology, State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China. Electronic address: guning@hit.edu.cn.
2
School of Life Science and Technology, State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China.
3
Faculty of Education, Wakayama University, Wakayama, Japan.
4
State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China.

Abstract

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is an authorized additive used as a food colorant, is composed of nano-sized particles (NP) and fine-sized particles (FP). Previous study reported that oral administration of TiO2 NPs triggers an increase in plasma glucose of mice. However, no previous studies have focused on toxic effects of TiO2 FPs on plasma glucose homeostasis following oral administration. In the current study, mice were orally administered TiO2 FPs greater than 100 nm in size (64 mg/kg body weight per day), and effects on plasma glucose levels examined. Our results showed that titanium levels was not changed in mouse blood, livers and pancreases after mice were orally administered TiO2 FPs. Biochemical analyzes showed that plasma glucose and ROS levels were not affected by TiO2 FPs. Histopathological results showed that TiO2 FPs did not induce pathology changes in organs, especially plasma glucose homeostasis regulation organs, such as pancreas and liver. Western blotting showed that oral administration of TiO2 FPs did not induce insulin resistance (IR) in mouse liver. These results showed that, TiO2 FPs cannot be absorbed via oral administration and affect plasma glucose levels in mice.

KEYWORDS:

Fine-sized particles; Nano-sized particles; Plasma glucose; ROS; TiO(2)

PMID:
26472183
DOI:
10.1016/j.fct.2015.10.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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